Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI)
A Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) usually results from a bump, flow or jolt to the head or a penetrating head injury that disrupts the normal function of the brain. In recent years it has become a more common injury among military members as well as the general public.
A Traumatic Brain Injury can be mild, moderate, or severe, depending on the extent of the damage to the brain. Mild traumatic brain injury may affect your brain cells temporarily, where a person may or may not lose consciousness for a few seconds or minutes. A person with a moderate or severe traumatic brain injury can sustain bruising, torn tissues, bleeding and other physical damage to the brain, along with long-term complications or loss of life.
Symptoms of Traumatic Brain Injury
Symptoms can appear immediately or weeks to months following a Traumatic Brain Injury. They vary according to the severity of the injury.
Mild Traumatic Brain Injury
Full recovery can be within minutes to hours although a small percentage have symptoms that may persist months or years. Symptoms of Mild Traumatic Brain Injury may include:
- Loss of consciousness for a few seconds or minutes
- Headache, dizziness, confusion, lightheadedness
- Fatigue or lethargy
- Blurred vision or tired eyes
- Ringing in the ears
- Trouble concentrating, attention, thinking, and memory problems
- Behavioral or mood changes, including irritability
Moderate and Severe Traumatic Brain Injury
A person with moderate or severe traumatic brain injury may show the same symptoms as a mild injury, but also may evidence:
- Loss of consciousness with the injury, for an hour to a day
- A headache that gets worse and does not go away
- Repeated nausea and vomiting
- Convulsions or seizures
- An inability to wake from sleep
- Dilation of one or both pupils of eyes
- Weakness or numbness in the extremities
- Loss of coordination
- Slurred speech, sensory, vision and cognitive deficits
- Increased confusion, restlessness, or agitation for days to weeks
- Mental or physical deficits that can last months or be permanent
- Difficulties with attention, memory, concentration, and impulsiveness
Treatment for Traumatic Brain Injury at the Yang Institute
The Yang Institute uses a variety of therapies to treat Traumatic Brain Injury that are specific to each patient.